Long before ice cream flavors such as latte macchiato or crème brûlée appeared in German grocery stores, there was Fürst Pückler ice cream. With its layers of chocolate, vanilla, and strawberry, it is similar to Neapolitan ice cream except that it usually comes in the shape of a loaf cake so that it can be served by the slice.
In my childhood Fürst Pückler (Fürst means “Prince”) ice cream was a typical dessert after a Sunday lunch at Grandma’s, or on other special occasions. I never cared much for it; to me, the pale layers all tasted the same. But when a slice of Fürst Pückler was put in front of me I would eat it because I could never say no to ice cream.
The original Fürst Pückler is neither ice cream, nor did Fürst Pückler invent it. There are different stories who invented the dessert, and when exactly during his lifetime it was invented. The only certain fact is that it was named after Hermann von Pückler-Muskau, and that it was initially parfait or semi-freddo.
Hermann von Pückler-Muskau was a compelling personality – a visionary landscape designer, world traveler, successful book author, womanizer, salon conversationalist, and, among several other things, a gourmet.
Born in 1785 in Upper Lusatia (Oberlausitz), a region that since the end of World War II has belonged partially to the East German States of Saxony and Brandenburg and partially to Poland, Hermann von Pückler-Muskau inherited the family estate of Muskau and the title of Fürst in 1811.
Inspired by the parks he had seen on a trip to England he set out right away to redesign Muskau’s landscape. Whatever did not fit his vision had to make way – the Lusatian Neisse river was redirected, and lakes and hills were moved. Even entire villages were relocated to the dictates of Fürst Pückler’s design.
After the Muskau park was finished, it was open to the public, except for the lawn and flower beds next to the castle, for which he coined the English term “pleasure ground”. This more formally designed area connects the private gardens to the surrounding public park.
When Fürst Pückler ran out of money in 1826 and was deeply in debt, he returned to England to look for a wealthy bride. To make this possible, he legally divorced his wife, Countess Lucie von Pappenheim, a divorcee nine years his senior whom the Prince had married in 1817. Their relationship, however, continued after the divorce.
In 1829 he returned to Germany – without a new, rich bride but with plenty of material that later made him a successful book author. Fürst Pückler had sent Lucie countless letters from England, witty humorous accounts of English society and life in England. In 1830 he published the first two volumes under the pen name of Semilasso as Letters from a Dead Man (Briefe eines Verstorbenen). More than a dozen other books followed, and his works were also translated into English. His Hints on Landscape Gardening (Andeutungen über Landschaftsgärtnerei) from 1834 was the only book he published under his real name.
In the 1830s Fürst Pückler went on an extended trip to the Mediterranean and the Middle East. He brought back Mahbouba, a teenage Abyssinian slave girl whom he adored and pampered but who died from tuberculosis not long after arriving at Muskau. His Middle Eastern trip inspired him to often dress in Arab garb.
Despite being an insatiable philanderer (his mistresses included his English translator) who even arranged his love letters in alphabetical order, he remained emotionally loyal to his divorced wife, Lucie, all her life. He was not shy in reporting his conquests to her. He was a charming, skilled conversationalist who frequented famous salons, including the literary salon of Rahel Varnhagen. While Goethe and Heinrich Heine found Fürst Pückler quite accomplished, others saw in him nothing more than an eccentric and megalomaniac dandy.
Despite his head-turning behavior Pückler’s reputation as a landscape designer earned him important design commissions. Napoleon III called upon him as advisor for the redesign of the pleasure grounds in the Bois de Boulogne. He also designed the gardens at Babelsberg near Potsdam for Prince Wilhelm of Prussia, which had been installed by Peter Joseph Lenné, an eminent German landscape architect.
In 1845, at the age of sixty, the Prince sold Muskau to start a new, hugely ambitious project: the redesign of Branitz, another one of the possessions in his estate near the city of Cottbus. Up until his death in 1871 he worked on turning the flat, barren 600 hectares of farmland into a park. In the process he had 100,000 cubic meters of soil moved and transplanted tall old trees with a specially designed wagon. Pückler was so enamored with England that he gave Branitz the imaginary English moniker of “Bransom Hall”.
For Fürst Pückler to leave earth without a splash and a lasting impression would have been out of character. When he died in 1871 he asked to be buried in a turf pyramid he had built in the middle of a pond at Branitz, with Lucie by his side.
Both the Muskau Park, which was classified a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2004, and the Branitz Park are open to the public. An article in Travel and Leisure by Michael Z. Wise gives an excellent overview of the life of Fürst Pückler and the restoration of his parks after German reunification.
Revisiting Fürst Pückler ice cream and reading about Fürst Pückler’s colorful personality and life, I found that a dessert in his name needed more oomph. I wanted to be able to taste the three different flavors even with my eyes closed. And, of course, Fürst Pückler ice cream has to be photographed in a landscape setting!
Here’s my version of Fürst Pückler ice cream, a combination of the original Fürst Pückler recipe with macaroons and my favorite ice cream recipe.
Fürst Pückler Ice Cream Cake
You need an ice cream maker and a tall metal bowl for the mold. I used a 3.5-quart (3.3 liter) bowl with an 8-inch (20 cm) diameter. With a wider diameter the layers of ice cream will be thinner.
For the step-by-step assembly also see the slideshow below.
3 large eggs
1 cup (200 g) sugar
2 cups (480 ml) milk (I use 2%)
2 cups (480 ml) heavy cream
2 teaspoons vanilla extract
10 ounces (300 g) strawberries, fresh or frozen
2 tablespoons unsweetened natural baking cocoa
¾ cup (100 g) unpeeled raw almonds
2 egg whites
½ cup (100 g) sugar
1. For the ice cream, beat the eggs and sugar with the milk in a double boiler, or in a metal bowl placed over a pot with simmering water. Stir constantly until the mixture thickens and coats a spoon, 10 to 15 minutes. Let cool and stir in the heavy cream and vanilla. Transfer to a container with a tight-fitting lid and chill overnight.
2. Chop the strawberries and place them in a small saucepan. Cook over low heat until they release their juice and puree them. You should have about 1 cup. Return the puree to the pan and cook over low to medium heat for 10 minutes until thickened, stirring often. Pour into a jar and chill overnight.
3. For the macaroons place the almonds in a heat-proof bowl and pour boiling water over them. Set aside for a few minutes, then drain and add warm water. Remove the almonds one by one to remove their skins and place the almonds on paper towel to dry as you go. Grind the almonds very finely in a food processor.
4. Beat the egg whites until soft peaks form. Gradually adding the sugar, beat until stiff and shiny. Fold in the ground almonds.
5. Preheat the oven to 300 degrees F (150 degrees C). Line a baking sheet with parchment paper. Using two teaspoons, drop small macaroons onto the baking sheet, leaving 1 inch (2.5 cm) between them. Bake in the preheated oven for 30 minutes. Turn off the oven. Transfer the macaroons from the baking sheet onto a wire rack and return it to the oven. Leave it there until the oven has completely cooled down. The macaroons will be very dry and crunchy, this is the way they should be.
6. The next day prepare the ice cream according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
7. To assemble, have three bowls stand by. Once the ice cream is ready, divide it into three equal parts, one in each bowl. Place two bowls in the freezer as you mix the first flavor.
8. Add the strawberry puree to the first bowl and stir until evenly mixed. Return the bowl to the freezer.
9. Remove the second bowl from the freezer. Mix the cocoa with a small amount of ice cream and stir until smooth, then add this mixture to the rest of the ice cream in the bowl and stir until evenly mixed. Return the bowl to the freezer.
10. Spray the inside of a tall metal bowl with neutral-tasting cooking oil such as canola. Coarsely crush enough macaroons to cover the bottom to about 1 inch (2.5 cm) high.
11. Slowly pour the strawberry ice cream onto the macaroons, taking care not to stir them up. Gently even it out with a spatula. If the ice cream is runny place it in the freezer for a few minutes to harden.
12. Cut the remaining macaroons in half and tightly place them flat side up and rounded side out along the side of the bowl. For a neater appearance, fill any gaps between the macaroons with small chunks.
13. Pour the plain vanilla ice cream on top and even it out with a spatula. Proceed as described with the macaroon halves. Coarsely crush the leftover macaroons and scatter them in the center.
14. Pour the chocolate ice cream on top and even it out with a spatula. Cover the bowl tightly with cling wrap or aluminum foil and place in the freezer for at least half a day, better overnight.
15. The next day, place the bowl in a larger bowl with hot water for a few seconds, or immerse a kitchen towel in hot water and wrap it around the bowl. Unmold onto a serving plate and serve immediately.
Makes 8 to 12 servings
Variation, Christmas 2016
Raspberries instead of strawberries: Cook 7 ounces (200 g) fresh or frozen raspberries over low heat until they release their juice. Strain through a fine sieve and return to the pan. Cook over low to medium heat for 5 minutes until slightly thickened, stirring often. Pour into a jar and chill overnight. Use as described in step 8.
Chocolate marzipan topping: Add 1 tablespoon unsweeetened cocoa to ½ batch of homemade marzipan and knead until evenly chocolate-colored. Chill overnight, then roll out about 1/8 inch (3 mm) thick on a work surface lightly dusted with confectioners’ sugar. Cut out with small cookie cutters of your choice (stars, crescents etc.). Line the bottom of the greased mold with the marzipan pieces, then proceed as described in step 10. After unmolding the cake, decorate it with additional pieces.
May 21, 2014 at 4:12 pm
Nadia, thanks for the great story. I’m interested to learn that my Zschiedrich ancestors came from the western edge of a place called Upper Lusatia. But I’d really like to know what the prince’s name means. Does it translate to Prince Pickler?
May 22, 2014 at 8:11 am
That would be funny, Linda, if Prince Pückler meant Prince Pickler! It doesn’t, the name is not derived from any German word as far as I know. – Neat that you know your ancestors cam from Upper Lusatia, I hope you will get to visit the region and the parks one day.
May 22, 2014 at 7:55 am
Love this! I really want to try some, sounds amazing!
May 23, 2014 at 3:30 pm
Wunderbare Geschichte und tolles Rezept, vielen dank!
May 28, 2014 at 7:43 pm
Danke, das freut mich!
June 6, 2014 at 1:25 pm
My maiden name is actually Pickler (we always joked it might be a spelling mistake) and I come from Cottbus, have been at Branitz and Muskau many times, just recently rediscovered the ice, almost forgot the crunchy wafer like texture. Thanks for the article.
June 29, 2016 at 7:14 am
It looks delicious! I also remember the ice cream as a bit on the dull side- you’ve made me reconsider! Excellent back story, too ☺
September 9, 2016 at 5:17 pm
I just found this article and thoroughly enjoyed it. I came across the Fürst when I was researching and writing about the German author (and interesting personality) Bettine von Arnim. I’m very impressed with your own Fürst Pückler ice-cream recipe!
September 11, 2016 at 7:33 pm
Thank you! The ice cream is not something I make often, it is rather involved but worth the effort for special occasions.
November 21, 2017 at 9:07 pm
Furst Puckler ice cream is mentioned at the end of the novel 2666 by Roberto Balano, where the main character Archimboldi eats some. A direct descendant of Puckler strikes up a conversation about how the ice cream was invented, before Archimboldi sets off for Mexico.
December 8, 2017 at 11:54 am
The author must have eaten the ice cream in Germany and liked it so much that he worked it into his book 🙂
November 10, 2021 at 10:32 pm
Je suis en train de terminer de lire le roman 2666. Je ne savais pas qu’une glace portait ce nom.
July 18, 2018 at 10:59 am
Hi – I am the author of the novel Death and Mr Pickwick, published by Random House in 2015, which tells the story behind the creation of Charles Dickens’s first novel The Pickwick Papers. Puckler-Muskau is often said to be the original of a character who appears in The Pickwick Papers, namely Count Smorltork. Anyway, today, on my novel’s facebook page I have posted about my attempt to make a simple version of the ice cream. However, the version I tried was horrible! I have given the link to this page because I am sure the recipe here will be tastier than the one I tried. Here is the post: https://www.facebook.com/deathandmrpickwick/posts/1384877468312768 Best wishes Stephen Jarvis.